The Declaration of Independence, penned by Thomas Jefferson and celebrated on the 4th of July each year, proclaimed that "all men are created equal", "endowed by their creator with certain unalienable Rights", and "That to secure these rights Governments are instituted".
The Constitution implemented the political philosophy of the Declaration, by setting forth some of the rights of man, and then by restraining government from violating those rights, with the Bill of Rights.
What are some of the rights the Constitution restrains the government from violating? (And by principle, "all" people should have these rights protected from government infringement.)
The right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty (presumption of innocence)
The right to trial by jury (access to judicial due process)(Bill of Rights Amendments 5 & 6)
The right to legal counsel (i.e. the right to have a lawyer) (Bill of Rights Amendments 6)
Note also that the Constitution specifies "Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act or on Confession in open Court." (Article III Section 3)
If Constitutional, this law would have given unprecedented power to President Obama.
Mitt Romney - Said he supports the controversial provisions of the NDAA (source: January 16, 2012, Fox News GOP Presidential debate in South Carolina http://www.youtube.com/watch?
Ron Paul - Opposes the controversial provisions of the NDAA and has introduced legislation to repeal them (http://paul.house.gov/index.
Newt Gingrich - Has not publicly opposed. (http://thenewamerican.com/
Rick Santorum - Opposes the controversial provisions of the NDAA (http://www.youtube.com/watch?